Writing
Reading 
Communication
Input Devices
Output Devices
Challenges for Teachers
Word Processing Software
Many students with disabilities have trouble with fine motor skills like using a pen or pencil.
Concept Mapping Software
Allows you to brainstorm a concept. 
Easy to manipulate and organize
Word Prediction Software
Makes writing easier 
Less key strokes
Includes custom dictionaries
Text to Speech Software
Auditory feedback so the student can hear what they have written.
Talking Spell Checkers
Reads misspelled words and suggestions from a list
Recorded Books
Good for a student that can understand concepts, but not at the specified reading level
High Interest- Low Level Books
Books for students who need motivation to learn to read, but are not yet at that level
Narration is exciting and intended to motivate the listener to read along
Scan/Read Systems
This will read any text and includes visual displays. 
Text is highlighted as it is being read.
Digital Books
Books that can be downloaded for purchase.
Most books can change text size, highlight, and include a dictionary.
Assistive Learning Devices
Personal device that the student can wear for better hearing.
Teachers can use or wear microphones to distribute sound throughout the classroom
Keyguards
Touch Screen
Expandable Keyboards
Mini Keyboards
One Handed Keyboards
Customizable Keyboards
On Screen Keyboards
Allows one key to be pressed at a time
Helps with typing accuracy and fine motor skills
Smaller keyboards that are helpful for students who have a restricted range of motion
Helps students who have good finger dexterity in one hand.
Keys can be programmed based on the student's needs.
Makes it easy for the student to tap the needed key.
Offers keys that are larger than the standard size.
Allows touch to make the screen interactive.
Good for students with severe disabilities or autism.
Screen Readers
Screen Magnifiers
Supports students with low to no vision 
Also used to help those who become fatigued from using screen magnifiers. 
Software that magnifies what the mouse hovers over.
This can be built into the computer's system.
Technology for Diverse
 Learners/Assistive Technology
Each disability can requite a different assistive technology choice 
It is important that technology choices for students with disabilities include input from professionals from that area.
Classroom teachers, occupational therapists, physical therapists, speech pathologists, and technology personnel can all help benefit the student
It is important to have training for the use of technology for both the student, the support staff and teachers. 
To make sure all needs are being met, there needs to be a collaboration between technology staff and teachers.
Not every situation needs assistive technology.