Argue that Brecht used stylistic design elements in his productions.
Visible orchestra and songs
Used in Threepenny Opera
Rather than accompanying the action on stage, music was meant to comment on or conflict with the action on stage. Jarring the audience into wakefullness.
An example would be
'Mac the knife'
This conflict in actions and sound forces analysis
of the production and the messages.
Awre you are watcvhing a play as it is visble and usually placed up high so that all can see and gives the impression of status. Brecht was highly in avour of Visible orchestra and songs
He wanted the music/sound to stop the audience
becoming consumed by the psychological motives and lives of the individual
Make-up / Masks
used to exaggerate some features
of head or face
Caucasian Chalk circle
Antgone= "More make-up than
usual was used on tha faces and
too was meant to tell a story. E.G
the elders and the ravages left on their
faces = by habit of commanding.
those of high rank were given full face mask= unpure. lower rank were less corrupted by the system wore partial masks. Gush wore no mask = less corrupted, and most pure.
Brecht was a fan of the obvious use
of make-up for the creation of alienation.
Used in good soldier of Schweik
revolving stage was used by Brecht in many productions such as Mother courage. It is used to convey travel
Over sized swords were used in 'Edward the secong' to highlight the brutality of war. this was to create meaning, not to create a realistic atmosphere.
Use of Flies
"It is more important nowadays that the set is used to tell the spectator he's in a theatre than to tell him he's in, say, Aulis. The theatre must aquire the same fascinating reality as a sporting arena during a boxing match. The best thing is to show the machinery, the ropes and the flies" - Brecht!!
Allows audience to see the mechanics of the theatre. Creating verfremdungseffect.
Mother courage was not meant
to repsresent any real locality
only represent a place during war.
The fire in theis prod was representational
and made out of random bits of wood
Aimeed to allow the audience to watch
the change of scenes and set. Also allowed for songs to be projected onto the curtain.
were used to highlight key
messages. e.g bible quotes.
depeen understanding and analysis.
theme of Randomness of values
Projections were used in
Threepenn Opera to remove
tension from the upcoming
scene in order for it to be better
lighting was white and functional
This was to ensure that the play could be analysed. It was NOT to highlight status or create impact.
Visible / exposed lighting
Used in many of his productions
used to creat verfremdungseffect
and light up the stage more clearly
in order for better anaylisation and to
highlight theme of equality.
Threepenny Opera: the servant
was lit as brightly as the King =
the theme of equality - a clear message.
there is no "hierarchy of reality" - Brecht.
some directors choose to
light some character brighter
than others, not brecht, he disagrees