Piaget vs. Vygotsky
Piaget
as we develop and try to make sense of the world our thinking process changes
social transmission, learning from others, infuences our cognitive development
four stages to cognitive development
Piaget's theory overlooks the important effects that a child's cultural and social group has on their development
all people go through the same stages in the same order
Vygotsky
sociocultural theorist
human activities take place in cultural settings and cannot be understood apart from these settins
cognitive structures and thinking processes are affected by social interactions
cultural tools, including technological tools, play important roles in cognitive development
both emphasized the importance of social interactions in cognitive development
Vygotsky
Piaget
believed cognitive conflict motivated change- most helpful social interactions between those between peers becuase they are on the same level and can challenge each others thinking
suggested cognitive development is fostered by interactions with those who are more advanced in their thinking, such as teachers and pareants